Social Media on College Campuses and Addiction

College student addicted to social media

When the University of Maryland researchers looked at students abstaining from media, students reported in the same terms as associated with drug and alcohol addictions, withdrawal symptoms, intense cravings, significant anxiety and antsy feeling.

Students reported thoughts in ‘vivid detail,’ anxiety attacks, and depression [1, 2]. Students reported that they were unwilling and unable to function without social media and technology [1]. At the College Park Campus, a study titled, 24 Hours: Unplugged, over 200 students were asked to give up all media for 24 hours.

After the 24 hour mark, the students were asked to blog about their experiences, successes and failures. The 200 students wrote more than 110,000 words, the same as a 400 page novel. Within the 400 pages, students wrote, “I clearly am addicted and the dependency is sickening,” and another said that they had to “fight off the urge to check email and I noticed physically that I began to fidget, as if I was addicted to my iPod and other media devices, maybe I am [3, 1].”

Students reported that going without media was like going without personal connections, without friends and family [1]. Researchers in this study concluded that students may have identified wrongly that it was not missing social media, but was the social connections it gave them, and that the addiction is to social ties, both friendships and relationships [1].

Researchers state that too often students compare themselves to other successful peers which is exacerbated by social media which highlights the extreme positive and successful moments [4].

When Social Media Use Becomes an Addiction

Social MediaSocial Media on College Campuses and Addiction are becoming an alarming issue. College students who are on facebook are twice as likely to be more involved on campus activities and social media users are twice as likely to feel popular.

Nearly 48% of users think they are sadder than their friends and a facebook addiction is searched 350 times more often than cigarette addiction. Updating facebook profiles boosts students self-esteem more than looking in a mirror, and 85% of students who use Facebook work less than five hours a week compared to 80% of students who don’t use Facebook work more than 16 hours a week [5].

The University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Washington, Seattle, looked at the facebook profiles of more than 300 undergraduate students from both Universities. The researchers divided the profiles into three categories: those that had no alcohol references; those that had alcohol references, but no references to intoxication or problem drinking; and those that included references to ‘being drunk,’ ‘getting wasted,’ or other problem drinking behaviors.

The researchers included the profile owners to complete an online version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test or AUDIT, which measures problem drinking clinically, and score of 8 or higher indicates a person is at risk for problem drinking.

Researchers found that underage college students who talked about dangerous drinking habits, such as intoxication, or blacking out, were more likely to have AUDIT scores that indicate problem drinking or an alcohol-related injury. The researchers also found that underage college students frequently display references to alcohol on social media [6].

Problematic Social Media Use on College Campuses

In 2014, the National Survey of Campus Counseling Centers (NSCCC) looked at 275 two and four year schools and found that 94% of campus counseling center directors said they were continuing to see an increase in students with severe psychological problems.

Of the students seen by the counselors in this study, 52% had severe psychological problems, which is higher than the 44% in 2013 study. Most directors reported seeing an increase in students with anxiety, crisis management, medication issues, clinical depression, learining disabilityies, sexcual assualt, self-harm and injury [6, 7].

Social Media on College Campuses and Addiction are increasing, and further studies are being conducted to look at the effects of social media on addictions as well as social media as an addiction.

One previous 7 year study of over 43,000 students published in the Journal of American College Health showed that some schools have characteristics associated with worse mental health. Schools that have doctorate programs, public institutions, and schools with a large enrollment and commuter schools rank as less competitive than those with lower graduation rates were linked with students who had decreased mental health [7].

College student using social mediaAccording to the NSCCC in 2014, 64% of students who utilized the counseling center reported sessions ‘helping their academic performance’ and 65% said counseling kept them in school. This report found that having a counseling center on campus is very important to students and healthy mental health and overall well-being is associated with academic success [7].

In conclusion, the majority of college students have instant and constant access to technology and social media. It is addicting to most students who may feel as if the internet and social media are their friends and family connections to the outside world. Using social media and technology is about how to best manage it and be mindful and present in your daily life and academic studies.

Community Discussion – Share Your Thoughts Here!

How do you find social media on college campuses? Do you feel that this is an addiction for most college students?


Image of Libby Lyons and familyAbout the Author: Libby Lyons, MSW, LCSW, CEDS, is a Certified Eating Disorder Specialist (CEDS) who works with individuals and families in the area of eating disorders. Mrs. Lyons works in the metropolitan St. Louis area and has been practicing in the field for 11 years. Libby is also trained in Family Based Therapy (FBT) to work with children-young adults to treat eating disorders. Mrs. Lyons has prior experience working with the United States Air Force, Saint Louis University, Operating Officer of a Private Practice, and currently works with both Saint Louis Behavioral Medicine Institute within their Eating Disorders Program and Fontbonne University


References:

[1]: http://www.livescience.com/9888-college-students-addicted-social-media-study-finds.html
[2]: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/news/8436831/Student-addiction-to-technology-similar-to-drug-cravings-study-finds.html
[3]: http://voices.washingtonpost.com/campus-overload/2010/04/fighting_a_social_media_addict.html
[4]: http://americanaddictioncenters.org/rehab-guide/college/
[5]: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/04/infographic-is-social-media-ruining-students/237973/
[6]: https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/social-media-may-help-identify-college-drinking-problems
[7]: https://www.addiction.com/13667/mental-health-crisis-on-college-campuses/


The opinions and views of our guest contributors are shared to provide a broad perspective of addictions. These are not necessarily the views of Addiction Hope, but an effort to offer discussion of various issues by different concerned individuals.

We at Addiction Hope understand that addictions result from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. If you or a loved one are suffering from an addiction, please know that there is hope for you, and seek immediate professional help.

Last Updated & Reviewed By: Jacquelyn Ekern, MS, LPC on December 28, 2016
Published on AddictionHope.com